КЛЮЧОВІ ПИТАННЯ ДОТАЦІЇ ЗАЛІЗА ПЕРЕДЧАСНО НАРОДЖЕНИМ ДІТЯМ

T. K Znamenskia, O. V. Vorobiova, L. I. Niculina, A. I. Zhdanovich

Анотація


Залізо є основною поживною речовиною і відіграє ключову роль у багатьох процесах, включаючи зростання та розвиток. Дефіцит заліза в грудному віці пов'язаний з широким діапазоном клінічних проявів і розвитком тяжких ускладнень, в тому числі психомоторного дефіциту, затримки дозрівання слухового апарату, а також порушення пам'яті і поведінці. Найбільш уразливими щодо формування постнатального дефіциту заліза є передчасно народжені діти. Не менш загрозливим відзначено стан надлишка заліза, який потенційно небезпечний для органів дитини. Детально вказані фактрои ризику дефіциту та надлишку заліза у недоношених немовлят. В статті розглядаються ключові питання доцільності дотації заліза передчасно народженим дітям, починаючи з періоду стабілізації росту, а також доза, тривалість та види корекції. Серед рекомендованих заходів представлено препарат елементного заліза Innofer baby® та гемопоетичні вітаміни - Innоvitum B®.


Ключові слова


передчасно народжені діти; немовлята; залізо; дотація; Innofer baby®; Innоvitum B®.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24061/2413-4260.VIII.1.27.2018.1

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Журнал «Неонатологія, хірургія та перинатальна медицина» ISSN 2413-4260 (Online), ISSN 2226-1230 (Print) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.